Chinese tea culture inherits Chinese tea culture
Kung Fu tea, a fair cup, a grind cup and so on... The variety of tea sets only outlines a general outline of Chinese tea sets, but this is enough to show that Chinese tea culture has a long history and unique customs with Chinese characteristics.
In addition to many kinds and beautiful shapes, tea sets in our country have practical value and artistic appreciation value. In the history of the development of tea drinking in China, it has undergone many changes, whether it is the custom of drinking tea or the processing of tea. As a special tool for drinking tea, there must be a process of development and change.
Following the classification of different tea sets in different times and different materials in China, we have a deep understanding of the history of the development of Chinese tea culture.
1, ceramic tea set
The leader of pottery first Yixing teapot tea, as early as in the early Northern Song Dynasty had been rising, to become a good tea set up a new banner, the Ming Dynasty is popular. The teapot and pottery, the inside and outside are insufficient glaze, using local Purple mud, mud, mud making and roasting Tuan Tuan Shan into. Due to the high temperature sintering ceramic fire, dense, Taizhi delicate, which is not leaking, and the naked eye cannot see the pores, durability can drain of tea juice, tea flavor and bedding; heat transfer is not fast, not hot; if the hot tea is not easy even if the hot and cold acid sour; change, too not broken; if necessary, even can be placed directly on the stove for stewing. Yixing tea also has the characteristics of simple tone form concise and generous, elegant appearance, like bamboo, lotus root, pine and imitation of Shang and Zhou Dynasty bronze shapes. "Hakka" Tao Xi said Yang Xian (Yixing) of China since the Ming Dynasty was prosperous, is equivalent to a. It can be seen in its reputation. Enjoy "superfluous things" expressly seismic records: pot with sand to cover, neither wins incense, nor cooked soup gas.
It is said that the Northern Song Dynasty poet Su Shi in the Jiangsu Yixing Dushan lectures, good tea, in order to go out to make tea was fired by his design style to try to handle the teapot, tea flavor trial, later called "Dongpo pot" is "teapot". Su Shi's poem: "Xie Yin Ping oil ant wine bowl, purple Pu Su Panlong tea", is the poet of the Yixing tea appreciation expression. But from the exact written record, the purple sand tea set was created in the Ming Dynasty.
2. Porcelain tea set
Pottery is the earliest tea set in China. After the invention of porcelain, the pottery tea set was gradually replaced by the porcelain tea. Porcelain tea can be divided into white porcelain, celadon tea and black tea.
(1) white porcelain tea with blank quality compact and transparent, glazed, ceramic Huodu, non absorbent, characteristics of sound clear and long rhyme etc.. Because of the white color, it can reflect the color of tea soup, heat transfer, thermal insulation performance is moderate, combined with colourful, different modeling, can be called the treasures of tea utensils. As early as in the Tang Dynasty, Hebei Xingyao white porcelain utensils production has no common world." The Tang Dynasty Bai Juyi also wrote a poem praising the Sichuan Dayi white porcelain production teabowl. Yuan Dynasty, Jiangxi Jingdezhen white porcelain tea products have been exported to foreign countries. Today, white porcelain tea is new. This white tea, suitable for brewing all kinds of tea. White porcelain tea and other exquisite, elegant decoration, the outer wall is painted with many mountains and rivers, seasons flowers, birds and animals, the characters in the story, or decorated with celebrity calligraphy and artistic appreciation value, therefore, the most widely used.
White porcelain is most famous for Jingdezhen's porcelain, and other tea sets, such as Liling in Hunan, Tangshan in Hebei, and Qimen in Anhui, have their own characteristics. Jingdezhen Changnan, formerly known as the Northern Song Dynasty, Jingde three years (AD 1004) had ordered the Fuliang County Zhao Changnan building office of imperial kiln, and the town was renamed Jingdezhen chang. In the Yuan Dynasty, Jingdezhen's blue and white porcelain was famous all over the world and exported to foreign countries.
(2) celadon tea: the best quality is produced in Zhejiang. As early as in the Eastern Han Dynasty, the production of pure and transparent glowing celadon had been produced. Zhejiang Jin Yue, Wu Ou kiln, kiln has a considerable scale. The Song Dynasty, as one of the five famous kilns in Zhejiang Longquan kiln celadon tea, has reached its peak, sold throughout. The Ming Dynasty, porcelain tea with its delicate texture, elegant shape, glaze Qing Ying, Alice and renowned Chinese and foreign patterns. At the end of sixteenth Century, Longquan and France, the French people was sensational, popular in Europe's "shepherdess" heroine in the snow with beautiful green robe compared with the known as "Longquan celadon celadon", regarded as a rarity. At present, Zhejiang Longquan celadon tea sets have new development and new products have come out. In addition to the many advantages of the porcelain tea set, this kind of tea tool is used to brew green tea because of its green color and green color, which is more beneficial to the beauty of the soup. However, the use of it to brew black tea, white tea, yellow tea, black tea, it is easy to make tea soup lose its original face, it seems to have shortcomings.
Celadon tea from the beginning of the development of the Jin Dynasty, was the main origin of celadon in Zhejiang, the most popular one is called a flow of teapot. One of the five famous kilns in the Song Dynasty Longquan kiln in Zhejiang reached a peak period, the production of various kinds of green porcelain, including teapots, cups, tea cup, tea cup, tea tray, Oujiang kiln group on both sides of unprecedented, everywhere, fireworks across the transport ship and flies, prosperity.